Bipolar disorder

Bipolar affective disorder is a mental disorder characterised by large periodic fluctuations in mood. In the past, the term manic-depressive illness was used. Those suffering from bipolar affective disorder experience periods of greatly elevated mood (mania), periods of greatly depressed mood (depression) and periods of normal state. Bipolar affective disorder affects the level of activity, behaviour, the ability to function in everyday life and the ability to think clearly and make sensible choices.


There are many theories and trials in connection with bipolar affective disorder, and some of them propose a new approach to the treatment of the disease.

Firstly, some researchers have the theory that the root of the problem is a failure of the body's internal clock, whereby the circadian rhythm does not function normally.

Second, remarkable success has been achieved in the treatment of bipolar affective disorder by subjecting patients to long periods of darkness.

Thirdly, sleep glasses, which filter out the blue light in the light spectrum, can be used to create dark periods even in daylight. Sleep glasses start the production and secretion of melatonin.

Taking these three factors into account, a new type of treatment for bipolar affective disorder has been proposed and is now being used in trials.

In the period 2012 to 2015, researchers in Norway used sleep glasses from MelaMedic as a supplement to the medical treatment of patients with bipolar disorder. All the patients achieved a marked improvement in their condition.

Bipolar disorder and sleep glasses
The patients with bipolar affective disorder must initially wear the sleep glasses for a longer period than usual, so the time the sleep glasses are worn plus the time the patients sleep in the dark amounts to approximately 12 hours a day.

Patients must develop a routine to fall asleep at a certain time and to wake up at a certain time, and they must not sleep in the middle of the day. If they feel tired in the middle of the day, they should be exposed to strong light - preferably outdoors. As an example, they can wear sleep glasses from 7 p.m. in the evening and until they go to bed in the dark at 11 p.m. Shortly after the patients wake up at 7 a.m., they must expose their eyes to strong light – preferably outdoors or alternatively using light therapy.

Patients must not be exposed to blue light during the aforementioned 12 hours. This means that they must either wear the sleep glasses, which filter out the blue light, or use special lamps and screen filters mounted on TVs and PCs, which have the same property.

It can take several days before the internal clock is synchronised with the circadian rhythm.

Always consult your doctor if you want to use sleep glasses in connection with bipolar disorder.

Research regarding bipolar disorder

Below are a number of summaries/abstracts of scientific trials dealing with bipolar disorder. The abstracts originate from medical records (copyright).